Phleum pratense L.
Timothy is an important pasture species in many cool-temperate regions in New Zealand, this perennial grass has been used traditionally for mixed pasture in cool moist areas of the southern South Island.
Very palatable and healthy grass for stock
Grows well on heavy, wet, and peaty soils
shallow root system with a small bulb at the base which stores nutrients giving persistence in drought and heat periods
Grows early in spring
Good production in the autumn
Works well in mixes and adds palatability, spring growth, animal health and winter-hardiness
Makes good hay
Struggles in the heat and drought over the summer
Low uptake of minerals like potassium which can cause problems with animal health
Suggested sow rate: 5-6 kg/ha alone 2-3 kg/ha in mixtures