P: ‭022 464 2243‬

Persian Clover

Trifolium resupinatum
An erect, annual legume used for sheep grazing, hay or silage production, providing high-quality feed from late winter to early summer. Reasonably new to New Zealand. Grows to 50 cm and has flattish looking white to light pink flowers at the top of its stem. If the flowers and seed heads are consumed by stock seed setting can be a problem under grazing. Most cultivars are soft-seeded, meaning seeds can germinate over the summer, which is not ideal for the regeneration of the pasture. Requires P and K fertiliser to encourage early root development and seedling vigour. 

  • Palatable with high soluble carbohydrate and high protein content

  • Appetising and nutritious forage during winter, spring & summer

  • Recovers well from grazing if not wanting for seed production

  • High nutritive value. 

  • High DM production in spring

  • Is a self-seeding annual

  • Grows when rainfall is below 500 mm 

  • Tolerant of wet soils, frost and cold but slow-growing at low temperatures 

  • Thrives in a wide range of soils where other clovers struggle, 

  • Very tolerant of poorly drained waterlogged soils

  • PH 6 or above

  • No estrogen risks 


  • May produce photosensitization in stock if fed as a mono-crop

  • Not bloat safe 

  • Very palatable to insects, slugs and grazing pests like ducks, geese and rabbits 

  • Sow no deeper than 4-5 mm 

  • Susceptible to weed and grass competition as an establishing crop

  • Reduced winter dry matter production 

  • need to restrict grazing during flowering if reseeding is required

  • Generally requires annual re-sowing under New Zealand management systems 

  • Very poor regeneration as most cultivars available in New Zealand have no hard seeds so are unlikely to re-establish successfully because seeds often germinate after summer rains; this is the wrong time of the year for the successful establishment

  • Do not spring sow Persian it will not establish successfully and needs to be sown in autumn as soon as there is adequate soil moisture

  • Susceptible to glyphosate and other many broad-leaf herbicides


  • Sow at 5-6 kg/ha for a single species grazing or hay crop

  • Using higher seeding rates will increase yields and suppress weeds better.