White Clover

White Clover

SKU: 364215376135199

Trifolium repens

  • trifoliate leaves smooth, hairless

  • leaflet oval or heart shape may have a light crescent mark on the upper side. 

  • cultivars range from small-leaved, low growing and lower-yielding to large-leaved upright types

  • flower heads made up of 30-40 flower clusters on a long stalk; to 2.5 cm diameter; pale pink/white, fade to brown

  • small pods containing 3-4 seeds which are brown/yellow; egg/heart-shape; ~1.6 million/kg

 

Pros

  • high nutritive value, adds to grass/clover pastures

  • year-round growth with vigorous growth in spring/summer

  • well adapted to grazing - potentially long-lived perennial

  • over-winters by a network of horizontal stems, stolons 

  • can be grazed hard but is susceptible to sustained heavy grazing by sheep in dry conditions

  • fixes nitrogen in pastures, improving overall pasture production 

  • productive perennial for high rainfall greater than 700mm or irrigated pasture;

  • cold and frost tolerant. likes 18-30°C

  • suited to soil pH > 4.5; optimum 5.3 

  • tolerates poorly drained soils 

  • well suited to peaty soil

  • Olsen soil P > 15

  • correct any nutrient deficiencies, especially K, P, Mo, S, Cu, B

  • very suitable for silage/hay.

 

 cons

  • vigour limited by viral diseases

  • low tolerance to summer moisture stress,

  • high bloat risk if dominant in spring. May contain cyanogenic glucoside compounds; the concentration is rarely sufficient to be significant.

 

Pasture type and use

Sown spring or Autumn

Sowing rate 2-4 kg/ha in a mix; sow depth 5-15 mm.

 

Pasture mix suggestions

most temperate grasses including perennial ryegrass, phalaris, tall fescue. Legumes like strawberry clover, red clover and sub. clovers

Herbs like plantain, chicory

 

Sowing/planting rates in mixtures

2-4 kg/ha

 

 



 

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