Plaintain

Plaintain

Early Settler brought Plantain to New Zealand. It is a low dwelling perennial plant which produces leafless flower stock in summer-autumn 

 

Plantago lanceolata,  longer, slender pointed ribbed leaves and a flowering stem. It is highly palatable to animals, providing a mineral-rich forage. It is used in pasture mixes. Don't be confused with  Plantago major that has wide rounded leaves, with a flowering spike covered with small seeds. Pastures with P. major is usually low-producing and is seen as a weed therefore not used in pastures production. 

 

Plantago lanceolata

Pros

  • highly palatable to animals 

  • establishes rapidly 

  • is pest-tolerant

  • has a high mineral content

  •  has a fibrous and coarse root system

  • grows throughout New Zealand

  • tolerance of hot summers and provides summer growth.

  • grows on a range of soils, but it performs best on high-fertility soils that are free-draining soils

  • sown into warm soils (10-12°C)

  • plant no deeper than 10mm depth 

  •  
  • enjoys pH 5.6-6.2

  • plantain-based pastures are useful for reducing nitrate leaching 

  • will last 2-3 years under dairy grazing

  • can be grown in a pasture mix or as a special purpose crop

  • establishes with best little competition from other plants for first three months.

 

cons

  • Weeds should be eliminated before sowing

  • Avoid heavy clay soils that can waterlog 

 

Pasture Mix

  • the seed mix is 8-10kg/ha plantain with or without clover.

  • A grass/clover/plantain mixed pasture/clover mix at 1-4kg/ha managed like a typical pasture