Hairy vetch can be no-tilled, broadcasted on or drilled into a prepared seedbed.
Hairy vetch is a hardy species, tolerating frost, drought and flooding (Lapina and Carlson, 2013).
The only real significant difference between common vetch and hairy vetch is
Hairy vetch is more winter-hardy than Common vetch.
- an annual pasture, forage and grain legume,
- very palatable at all growth stages, from a young plant through to seedpods production in summer
- smothers weeds once establish with its vigorous growth in the spring and when left as a dead mulch on the soil surface giving excellent weed control
- or grown in crop rotations as a pasture or hay crop, is useful for controlling resistant grass weeds as they are grazed or cut before the grasses set seeds
- providing non-selective weed control and reducing the risk of herbicide-resistant weeds
- acts as a disease break between cereals in a rotation. The mulch is claimed to increase the main crop disease resistance and prolong leaf photosynthesis of the following crop
- highly nutritious dry matter as hay or silage
- the same machinery is used for planting, maintenance and harvesting, as used for cereal crops
- soft seeded species are suitable in all crop rotations, without the risk of voluntary plants creating a problem in following crops.
- has the ability to improve soil fertility, soil tilt, structure and organic matter substantially
- fixes large amounts of atmospheric nitrogen in the soil; benefiting subsequent cereal crops in yield and quality.
- suited to wetter soils and colder winters, but grows on a range of soils preferring loamy and sandy soils
- moderately sensitive to soil acidity
- protects soil from erosion,
- Not well adapted to waterlogging.
- Post-emergent herbicide options for broadleaf weed control are limited.
- Common vetch is less winter-hardy than hairy vetch.