Common Vetch

Common Vetch

Vicia sativa


  •  an annual pasture, forage and grain legume, 
  • very palatable at all growth stages, from a young plant through to seedpods production in summer, 
  • highly nutritious dry matter as hay or silage with    
  • has the ability to improve soil fertility, structure and organic matter substantially 
  • smothers weeds once establish giving excellent weed control abilities 
  • providing non-selective weed control and long term reducing the risk of herbicide-resistant weeds
  • acts as a disease break between cereals in a rotation 
  • fixes atmospheric nitrogen in the soil; benefiting subsequent cereal crops in yield and quality.
  • growing in crop rotations as a pasture or hay crop is a useful strategy for controlling resistant grass weeds as they will be grazed or cut before the grasses set seeds
  • the same machinery is used for planting, maintenance and harvesting, as used for cereal crops
  • soft seeded species are suitable in all crop rotations, without the risk of voluntary plants creating a problem in following crops.



  • Not well adapted to waterlogging. 
  • Post-emergent herbicide options for broadleaf weed control are limited.
  • Common vetch is less winter-hardy than hairy vetch.