Berseem Clover

Berseem Clover

Trifolium alexandrinum

Berseem clover is an erect, annual with a short taproot; can grow up to 750 mm with slender, hollow, branched stems and plain, trifoliate, slightly hairy leaflets. Pods contain 1-2 seeds oval-shaped yellow/red-brown seeds; ~350,000/kg. Sow in spring or early autumn. Best with inoculation, Group B 

 

Pros

  • highly nutritive 

  • free of oestrogen risks

  • suited to seasonal irrigation

  • great as a green cover crop

  • mainly used with irrigation

  • likes neutral soil pH 6-8

  • moderately tolerant of water-logging 

  • well suited to deep alluvial soils 

  • some tolerance of salinity

  • good heat tolerance

  • suited to cutting for hay or silage.

  • quick regrowth 

  •  rotationally grazing when 15-20 cm tall; this stimulates tillering  

  • avoid overgrazing

  • high feed value - high protein content

  • palatable

  • low risk of bloat

  • low risk of estrogen 

 

Cons

  • poor regeneration; intolerant of heavy frost

  • low cold tolerance least winter hardy of the cultivated clovers

  • should not be grown where winter temperatures drop low as 6°C. regularly

  • damaged by most broad-leaf herbicides Glyphosate susceptibility

 

Sowing rates

Single species sowing rates - 8-10 kg/ha (10-15 kg/ha if irrigated); sow at 15-20 mm 

mixtures sowing rates - 3-5 kg/ha