Balansa Clover

Balansa Clover

Trifolium michelianum


  • aerial seeding, erect or semi-erect, much-branched plant
  • self-seeding annual,
  •  a temperate legume which grows to over 80 cm tall but remains prostrate when grazed
  • hollow, hairless stems
  • three hairless trifoliate leaflets, of varying size, shape and leaf marking.
  • leaflets are generally plain green while others have white to silver, pink or purple markings
  • flowers in clusters head 2 - 3 cm in diameter, small white-pink flowers
  • 3-4 Seeds in a Pod which shatter easily on maturity
  • Used as a part of permanent pastures, or in hay mixtures or cover crops
  • grows in temperate climates
  •  annual rainfall of 350 - 800 mm
  • early flowering varieties like lower rainfall, 
  • later flowering varieties to higher rainfall areas,  
  • grows successfully under irrigation



  • produces a large number of seeds
  • hard seeded in cool climates
  • grow in a range of soil types, preferring soils of moderate to high fertility 
  • excellent waterlogging tolerance 
  • thrives in a wide range of soil types and pHs - adapted to acid and alkaline soils (pH 5.4 - 9.0) performs best where pH is below 8.3
  • mild salinity tolerance
  • self seeds well on suitable soils under appropriate grazing management
  • good frost tolerance.



  • Not suited to deep sandy soils
  • intolerant of moderate to high soil salinity
  • Slow establishment if sown under cold conditions